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全总集体合同部部长张建国深入解读集体协商制度

  jinqi,zhonggongwangjizheyuyixieqiyejingyingzhezuotan,zaitandaodangqianjingjixingshihelaodongguanxiwentishi,yixieqiyejingyingzheduituixingjitixieshangzhidudebiyaoxing、kexingxingyijitaduiqiyeheshehuijingjifazhandeyingxiangdeng,cunzaiyixiebutongderenshihezhiyishengyin。weilerangbutongguandiandedaochongfendebeijingpk10hepengzhuang,zengqiangduijitixieshangzhidudezhengquelijieherenshi,zhonggongwangjizhejiangzheixieqiyejingyingzhedezhiyishulihuizongchengruogangewenti,bingjiuzheixiewenticaifanglequanguozonggonghuijitihetongbubuzhangzhangjianguotongzhi。xianjiangfangtanquanwenkanfaruxia,gongdajiaxuexicankao。

  jitixieshangzhidushishichangjingjitizhitizhongyingyouzhiyi

  jizhe: youxierenrenweijitixieshangzhiduyushichangjingjitizhixiangbei,qiyegongziyingyoulaodonglishichangdiaojiehejueding,jitixieshangzhidushiduishichangjizhidebudangganyu。

  zhangjianguo: zaishichangjingjitiaojianxia,zhigonggongziyinggaiyoulaodongguanxishuangfangtongguojitixieshangqueding,jitixieshangbenshenjiushi“shichangdiaojiehejueding”detizhongyingyouzhiyi,bingfeiduishichangdebudangganyu。

  guojia“shierwu”guihuagangyaomingquetichu,yaoanzhao“shichangjizhidiaojie、qiyezizhufenpei、pingdengxieshangqueding、zhengfujianduzhidao”deyuanze,xingchengfanyinglaodonglishichanggongqiuguanxiheqiyejingjixiaoyidegongzijuedingjizhihezengzhangjizhi,zheishishichangjingjitiaojianxiaqiyegongzifenpeiyingdangzunxundejibenyuanze。zhisuoyiqiyezhigonggongziyingdangyoulaodongguanxishuangfangtongguojitixieshangqueding,zheijishibeijingpk10guofazhanshichangjingjidebiranyaoqiu,yeshiguojiguanli。shishishang,ziqianglaoruoshishichangjingjitiaojianxiayizhongpubianxianxiang,zheijiushidezaihenduoqingkuangxia,ruguoyoulaodongzhegetiyuqiyexieshanglaodongbaochou,qiyewangwanghuijiliyadigongrengongzi,chuxianqiyexianglaodongzhezhifudelaodongbaochoubunengzhenzhengfanyinglaodonglijiazhidexianxiang。

  ruguocongshichangjingjisuoyingzunxundegongpingyuanzekan,zibenhelaodongzhijiandeliyiguanxizhangqichuyubupingheng、bugongpingdezhuangtai,bujinhuiniuqushichangzhonglaodonglijiagedexingchengjizhi,erqieyehuizaimouzhongchengdushangdianfushichangjingjilaiyijiangoudezhidujichu。ruoyaojiangouwanshandeshichangjingjitizhi,jiuyaotongguoxiangyingdezhidushejilaijiaozhengzheizhongbugongping。

  zhengyinweiruci,cong1994nian《laodongfa》zhengshibanbu,jitixieshangzhiduzaibeijingpk10guoquelilefalvdiwei,gedikaishijinxingjitixieshanggongzuodetansuoshijian,jingguojinershiniandefazhan,jitixieshanggongzuofugaimianbuduankuoda、shehuiyingxianglibuduantigao。suizhejitixieshanggongzuoshijiandebuduanshenru,dangzhongyang、guowuyuanduijitixieshanggongzuodeyaoqiuyeyuelaiyueshenhua,yuelaiyuejuti。

  ——2006nian10yue11ri,dangdeshiliujieliuzhongquanhuitongguode《zhonggongzhongyangguanyugoujianshehuizhuyihexieshehuiruoganzhongdawentidejueding》shoucitichuquanmianshixingjitixieshangzhidu。

  ——2008nian3yue5ri,guowuyuanzhengfugongzuobaogaojiang“tuidongqiyejianligongzijitixieshangzhidu”zuoweitigaoqiyezhigonggongzishuiping,jianliqiyezhigonggongzizhengchangzengzhanghezhifubaozhangjizhidezhongyaojucuo,xianggejizhengfutichumingqueyaoqiu。

  ——2009nian3yue5ri,guowuyuanzhengfugongzuobaogaotichu“gulihezhichikunnanqiyeyuyuangongxieshangxinchou”,duijinrongweijitiaojianxiakaizhangongzijitixieshanggongzuotichulejutiyaoqiu。

  ——2011nian3yue14ri,quanguorendatongguode《zhonghuarenmingongheguoguominjingjiheshehuifazhandishiergewunianguihuagangyao》,jiangjitixieshangguanchuanyu“goujianhexielaodongguanxi”、“shenhuagongzizhidugaige”he“gaishanminshengxingdongjihua”dengzhongdianneirongzhizhong,tichuyao“buduankuodajitihetongfugaimian”。

  ——2012nian11yue8ri,dangdeshibadabaogaojiang“tuixingqiyegongzijitixieshangzhidu,baohulaodongsuode”zuoweiqianfangbaijizengjiajuminshourudezhongyaojucuo。

  ——2013nian2yue3ri,guowuyuanpizhuan《guanyushenhuashourufenpeizhidugaigederuoganyijian》tichu,“yifeigongyouzhiqiyeweizhongdian,jijiwentuotuixinggongzijitixieshanghexingyexing、quyuxinggongzijitixieshang,dao2015nian,jitihetongqiandinglvdadao80%,zhubujiejueyixiexingyeqiyezhigonggongziguodidewenti”。“jiakuaishourufenpeixiangguanlingyulifa。yanjiuchutaishehuijiuzhu、cishanshiye、fupinkaifa、qiyegongzizhifubaozhang、jitixieshang……dengfangmianfalvfagui。”duijitixieshanggongzuodetuijinfangshi、tuijinzhongdianhejutimubiaodoutichulejutiyaoqiu。

  ——2013nian11yue12ri,dangdeshibajiesanzhongquanhuijinyibuyaoqiu,“jianquangongzijuedinghezhengchangzengzhangjizhi,wanshanzuidigongzihegongzizhifubaozhangzhidu,wanshanqiyegongzijitixieshangzhidu。”

  ——2014nian,likeqiangzonglizaizhengfugongzuobaogaozhongyeqiangdiao,“jianquanqiyezhigonggongzijuedinghezhengchangzengzhangjizhi,tuijingongzijitixieshang,goujianhexielaodongguanxi。”zheixiedoushuoming,dangzhongyang、guowuyuanduijitixieshangzhidudejianliyushishi,taidushixianmingerjiandingde。cong“quanmianshixingjitixieshangzhidu”,dao“buduankuodajitihetongfugaimian”,zaidao“wanshanqiyegongzijitixieshangzhidu”,tixianledangzhongyang、guowuyuanduijitixieshangzhidubeijingpk10deyaoqiubuduantigao,yefanyinglejitixieshanggongzuobuduanshenrufazhandeshijixuyao。

  zaishijianzhongbeijingpk10kandao,gonghuizuoweihezifang“pingqipingzuo”deshehuituanti,nenggoudaibiaolaodongzheyuzifangjinxingboyi,ershixianzheiyimubiaodezhuyaoshouduanjiushikaizhanjitixieshang,youlaodongguanxishuangfanggenjushichanggongqiuguanxijiulaodongbaochou、laodongtiaojianhefulidaiyudengjinxingjitixieshang,diaozhenglaodongguanxishuangfangdeliyi,shizhibaochidongtaijunheng,bingshishuangfangxiaoyongzuidahua,zheijiushifazhanshichangjingjibixujianlijitixieshangzhidudeyuanyinsuozai。yinci,jitixieshangzhidushishichangjingjitizhidezhongyaozuchengbufen,zhiyaojianchifazhanshehuizhuyishichangjingji,jiuyidingyaotongguojitixieshanglaichulilaodongguanxishuangfangzhijiandeliyiguanxi、pinghenglaodongguanxishuangfangliyifenpei,huajielaodongguanximaodun。meiyouzheiyangdezhiduanpai,shichangjingjitizhibijiangshibuwanshande,shenzhishibugongzhengde。

  jizhe: yourenrenweijitixieshangzhiduqinfanqiyejingyingzizhuquan,shifoukaizhanjitixieshangyingyouqiyezizhujueding,buyingqiangzhikaizhan,gengbuyingyoufalvjinxingyingxingguiding。

  zhangjianguo: jitixieshangzhidubushiduiqiyejingyingzizhuquandeqinfan,yinweibunengbaqiyejingyingzizhuquancuowudidengtongweiqiyejingyingzhedanfangmianjuedingqiyeneibulaodongguanxishuangfangliyifenpeidequanli。deque,zaishichangjingjitiaojianxia,zhigonggongziyingyoulaodonglishichangjizhidiaojiebingyouqiyezizhujueding,danzhigonggongziyouqiyezizhujueding,bingbudengtongyuyouqiyejingyingzhedanfangmianjueding。

  zaishehuizhuyishichangjingjitiaojianxia,zhiyaoqiyebuweibeiguojiafalvfaguihezuidigongzibiaozhundengqiangzhixingguiding,qiyezaiquedinglaodongzhelaodongbaochoujiqizengzhangfudushixiangyouchongfendezizhuquan,zheishiqiyezuoweidulifarenxiangyoudequanli。danshi,xianshizhongcunzaizhe“beijingpk10deqiyebeijingpk10shuolesuan,pingshenmexieshangquedinggongzi”derenshiwuqu,shijishangshiyixieqiyejingyingzhecuowudibaqiyezizhufenpeidengtongyuqiyejingyingzhezizhujueding。

  shishishang,qiyeshizibenhelaodongdejieheti,meiyoulaodong,zibenbukenengshengzhi;meiyouziben,laodongdejiazhiyebukenengshixian。zheiyiweizhe,laodongzhetourudelaodongheqiyejingyingzhetourudezibenjieheqilai,cainengchuangzaolirun,zhiyougongziyulaodongshengchanlvtigaotongbuzengzhang,cainengbaochilaodongligongjidechixuwendingtisheng,jifazhigongdelaodongreqinghechuangxinhuoli,yindaozhigongduiweilaijinxingrenlizibentouzi,tixianjingjifazhandemude;tongshizhiyoulaodongshengchanlvbuduantigao,qiyecainengzaijingzhengzhongdeyifazhan,jineryoutiaojianbaozhengzhigonggongzidebuduanzengzhang。zhiyoulaodongguanxishuangfangliyijibenjunheng,gedeqisuo,huligongying,qiyecainengshixiankechixufazhan。

  yinci,qiyezizhufenpeihelaodongguanxishuangfangxieshangquedinglaodongzhegongzishuipinghefulidaiyu,shiyigeyoujitongyidezhengti,bunengjiangliangzheduiliqilai。suoweideqiyezizhufenpei,jiushibixucaiqujitixieshangdefangfaquedinglaodongbaochouzengzhangdefuduhegongrendegexiangfuli。zhisuoyiyaoyoufalvdeqiangzhixingguiding,shiyinweizaishijianzhong,youyixieqiyejingyingzhezongshiyigezhonggeyangdeliyoujujuekaizhanjitixieshang,erzhigongfangquefayouxiaodezhiyueshouduan,congershidejitixieshangzaipinghenglaodongguanxishuangfangliyifenpei、goujianhexielaodongguanxifangmiandedutezuoyongnanyidedaochongfenfahui,yinciyoubiyaocongfalvshangduiqiyekaizhanjitixieshangzuochuqiangzhixingguiding。

  

  jitixieshangzhidushifazhanhexielaodongguanxidegenbenzhitu

  jizhe: yourenrenweijitixieshangbuliyuqiyelaodongguanxihexiefazhan,jitixieshangzhidurongyidaozhizhigongduigongzishouruqiwangguogao,shenzhihuidaozhizhigongmangmuyaoqiuzhanggongzi,yinfalaodongjiufen,jihualaodongguanximaodun。

  zhangjianguo: dangqian,beijingpk10guolaodongguanxizongtishangshihexiewendingde,danyemianlinyixiewentihemaodun。zheixiewentihemaodunzhuyaojizhongzaiqiye,yinfadeyuanyinkenengduozhongduoyang,danzhengjiezaiyuyixieqiyemeiyouhenhaodiguancheluoshiguojiadefalvfaguiyijiyouguanzhengce,zhigongquanyishoudaoqinfan;qiyeshourufenpeizhidubuheli,yixielaodongzhemeiyouhelidifenxiangqiyefazhanchengguo。

  suiransuizhebeijingpk10guojingjishehuidekuaisufazhan,shehuicaifudezongliangzaibuduanzengjia,laodongzheshouruzengzhangdefuduhejueduizhisuizhiyeyoulejiaodafududetigao,danshi,shehuicaifuzheikuai“dangao”defenpeiquebujinheli,youqishizaichucifenpeiguochengzhong,yixielaodongzhemianlinzhe“fuchudeduo,dedaodeshao”dekunjing,zheiyechengweidangqianyixiedifangqiyelaodongguanximaodungaofa、duofadegenbenyuanyin。

  jiejuezheixiemaodun,bixuyouzhiduanpai。zheiyang,cainengjizaofaxianlaodongguanximaodun,zhuazhumiaotouxing、qingxiangxingwenti,jianweizhizhu、zhudongyingdui,fangzhixiaowentiyanbianchengdawenti、jiandanwentiyanbianchengfuzawenti、jubuwentiyanbianchengquanjuwenti。yaozuodaozheixie,dangqian,zuizhongyaodeshiyaotongguojitixieshanghelidiaojieqiyegongzishourufenpei;jinyibuwanshanzuidigongzizhidu,bawohaozuidigongzidiaozhengdeshijihelidu,nulishizuidigongzibiaozhunzengzhangfudushidanggaoyushehuipingjungongzizengzhangfudu;jiakuaijianliqiyezhigonggongzizhengchangzengzhangjizhi,jijiwentuodituidonggongzijitixieshangkuodafugaifanwei,jianlihewanshanqiyeyuzhigongdeliyigongxiangjizhi,cujinqiyezaixiaoyizengzhangdetongshitongbuzengjiazhigonggongzi,nulishishengchanyixianzhigonggongzizengzhangfudushidanggaoyuzhigongpingjungongzizengzhangfudu,zhubutigaolaodongbaochouzaichucifenpeizhongdebizhong;jianquangongzizhifubaozhangjizhi,qieshigenzhituoqianzhigonggongzidengwenti。

  dangran,zaibeijingpk10guo,tongguojitixieshanghelidiaojieqiyegongzishourufenpei,juebujinjinshiweileweihulaodongzhequanyidexuyao,yeshigoujianhexielaodongguanxideneizaiyaoqiu。zheiyidian,zaijitixieshangzhidudebeijingpk10heshishishangtixiandeyouweimingxian。bulunshibeijingpk10guoxianxingfalvzhongyouguanjitixieshangdexiangguanguiding,haishijianglaideguojiajitixieshanglifa,shizhongyinggaijianchidezongzhijiushipinghenglaodongguanxishuangfangliyi、goujianhexielaodongguanxi。

  shishishang,yipinghenglaodongguanxishuangfangliyi、goujianhexielaodongguanxiweizongzhidejitixieshangzhidu,zhiyaoqizuoyongdedaochongfenfahui,bujinhuiyouxiaoyindaozhigongyouxubiaodaheliliyisuqiu,erqiehuiqieshizengqianglaodongzheduiqiyederentongganhexiangxinli,chongfenjifalaodongzhedegongzuojijixing。

  yifangmian,kaizhanjitixieshang,huiducuqiyegenghaodiguancheluoshilaodongfalvfaguifuyugongrendequanli,shideyixieqiyeshishishangcunzaidelaodongzhezhangqichaoshijiaban、hefaquanyidebudaobaozhangdexianxiangdeyiyouxiaoezhi,congerquebaolaodongzheyougengduodeshijianjingliqutishengzishensuzhi。

  lingyifangmian,laodongzhetongguojitixieshanghuodehelidelaodongbaochou,helifenxiangqiyefazhanchengguo,yiweizhetamenhuizijuedibaqiyehezijishiweiliyigongtongti,chongfenfahuizishendejijixing、zhudongxinghechuangzaoxing,nuligongzuo,chuangzaogengduodecaifu。zheishuoming,kaizhanjitixieshang,shiweilexingchengqiyeneibudeliyigongxiangjizhi,shilaodongguanxishuangfangzhenzhengchengweiliyigongtongti、shiyegongtongti、mingyungongtongti,tongguozhigongyuqiyegongjiangongxiang,shixianlaodongguanxishuangfanghuligongyingdemubiao。

  shijianyechongfenzhengming,kaizhanjitixieshangshihuajielaodongguanximaodun、goujianhexielaodongguanxideyouxiaotujing。fandaoshizaiyixieqiye,youyumeiyoujianlijitixieshangzhidu,laodongzheheliliyisuqiudebudaochongfenmanzu,jiuyoukenengchuxiangongrenyiwuxudejititinggongfangshibiaodasuqiu,erzheicaishilaodongguanximaodunjihuashenzhiyanbianchengquntixingshijiandezhuyaoyuanyinshenzhishijuedingxingyinsu。

  jizhe: yourenrenweiouzhoudeyixieguojiayouyuguangfantuixingjitixieshangzhidu,congerdaozhilaofangguoyuqiangshi,duijingjifazhanchanshengfumianyingxiang,chuxianqiyewaiqian,touzizhexuanzezaibushegonghuideguojiahediqubanqiyedengxianxiang。dangqian,zhongguolituijitixieshangzhiduyehuizaochengqiyetouzijianshaoshenzhichezi,youqishiduizhongxiaoqiyeyingxianggengda,buliyuqiyeheshehuijingjifazhan,zuizhonghuidaozhiyuangong、qiye、quyujingjifazhan“sanshu”dejieguo。

  zhangjianguo: lilunheshijiandoubiaoming,jitixieshangbujinbuhuiyingxiangwaishanglaihuatouzibanchang,haihuiduigaishanbeijingpk10guodetouzihuanjingchanshengliangxingyingxiang,huicujinqiyefazhan,shixianlaodongguanxishuangfanghuligongying。

  dangqian,beijingpk10guolaodongguanxizhongzuidadewentishizifangguoyuqiangshierlaofangguoyuruoshi,jitixieshangzhiduzhishiyaogaibianzheizhongziqianglaoruodegeju,ranglaodongguanxishuangfangliliangshixiandongtaijunheng,erbushizhuiqiulaofangxiangduizifangdeqiangshi。shishishang,congbeijingpk10guodeshijiqingkuangkan,jitixieshangzhiduzaiyidingchengdushangzengqianglelaofangdeliliang,duitishenggongrengongzichanshengleyidingdecujinzuoyong,danhaigenbentanbushangyingxiangqiyezhengchangfazhan,gengtanbushanghuiduibeijingpk10guodetouzihuanjingchanshengbuliangyingxiang。

  yinwei,zaitouzihuanjingzhuduoyinsuzhong,shichangjihui、shichangdeshenduheguangdu、quyufazhandekongjian、jingjichengzhangxing、chanyepeitao、laodonglisuzhi、zhengzhifengxianhezhengcefalvhuanjing,tebieshilaodongguanxihexiechengdu、wendingchengdudengyinsubilaodonglichengbenbianhuaduiqiyegengzhongyao、yingxianggengshenyuan。yixiediaoyanziliaoxianshi,dangqian,beijingpk10guoqiyedelaodonglichengbendayuezhanqiyeshengchanchengbende10%zuoyou,yixiezhizaoye、jianzhuyeqiyelaodonglichengbenzhanbigengdi。yinci,laodonglichengbenshidangtisheng,goubuchengduiqiyezhengchangshengchanjingyingdeweixie,gengtanbushangyingxiangbeijingpk10guodetouzihuanjing。

  jibianzaishangshiji90niandai,beijingpk10guodelaodonglichengbenzaiyazhoudiquyebushizuidide,dangshiyemeiyoufashengdaguimodewaizizhuanyi,shuominglaodonglichengbendeshidangtishengbingfeiyingxiangtouzihuanjingdejuedingxingyinsu。beijingpk10haiyingkandao,zaibeijingpk10guo,gonghuizaikaizhanjitixieshangshi,shizhongjianchi“cujinqiyefazhan、weihuzhigongquanyi”deyuanze,genjuqiyeshengchanjingyingzhuangkuanghezhigongyiyuanyaoqiu,zonghekaolvdiqu、xingyepingjungongzishuiping,dangdizhengfufabudezuidigongzibiaozhun、gongzizhidaoxian、renliziyuanshichanggongzizhidaojiaweihexingyerengongchengbenxinxi,bendiquchengzhenjuminxiaofeijiagezhishudengyinsu,tongguojitixieshangzhaodaolaodongguanxishuangfangliyiqihedianhepinghengdian,congershilaodongzhedesuqiunenggoubaochizailixingshidudefanweinei,bingqienenggoushixianlaodongguanxishuangfangdehuligongying。

  yucitongshi,tongguojitixieshangshilaodongzhehuodegongpinghelidelaodongbaochou,jinercujinlaodongtiaojian、laodongbiaozhundedatiyizhi,jikeyishiqiyenenggougenggongpingjingzheng,youkeyiduishaoshujuyuchanyeliandiduan,queshaojishuhanliang,shenzhibunengbaozhanglaodongzhehefaquanyideqiyexingcheng“daobixiaoying”、“jichuxiaoying”;jinenggouyoulidituidongqiyezhuanxingshengji,zengqiangqiyecanyushichangjingzheng、diyushichangfengxiandenengli,yehuiyoulidituidongjingjifazhanfangshizhuanbian,congershixianyuangong、qiye、quyujingjifazhan“sanying”dejumian。

  

  qiyekechixufazhanbixuyikaolaodongguanxishuangfanggongtongnuli、gongxiangchengguo

  jizhe: yourenrenweijitixieshangshuoshidiaozhenggongzi,xieshangzhonggongzikeshengkejiang,danshi,dangqiyeshoujingjixingshiyingxiang,yudaojingyingkunnan,shenzhichuxiankuisunshi,laofangbukenengkaolvzifangdeliyiheqiyefazhan,yebuhuiduiqiyekuisunchengdanzeren,tanpanjianxinbukenengshixian。

  zhangjianguo: dangdeshiqidabaogaotichu“chucifenpeihezaifenpeidouyaochulihaoxiaolvhegongpingdeguanxi,zhubutigaojuminshouruzaiguominshourufenpeizhongdebizhong,tigaolaodongbaochouzaichucifenpeizhongdebizhong”,xiangduiyudangdeshiliudatichude“jianchixiaolvyouxian、jiangugongping,chucifenpeizhuzhongxiaolv,fahuishichangdezuoyong”detifa,gengjiazhuzhongchucifenpeizhongdegongping。dangdeshibadabaogaotichu“shixianfazhanchengguoyourenmingongxiang,bixushenhuashourufenpeizhidugaige,nulishixianjuminshouruzengzhanghejingjifazhantongbu、laodongbaochouzengzhanghelaodongshengchanlvtigaotongbu,tigaojuminshouruzaiguominshourufenpeizhongdebizhong,tigaolaodongbaochouzaichucifenpeizhongdebizhong。”2013nian2yue3ri,guowuyuanpizhuanguanyushenhuashourufenpeizhidugaigeruoganyijiantichu,“shenhuashourufenpeizhidugaige,yaojianchigongtongfazhan、gongxiangchengguo”,mingquelezaishichangjingjitiaojianxia,jiejuechucifenpeizhongdegongpingwenti,bunengkaozhengfudeqiangzhi,bixutongguojitixieshang,jianligongzigongjuejizhi,zheishishenhuashourufenpeizhidugaige,tigaolaodongbaochouzaichucifenpeizhongbizhongdezhongyaojucuo。yinci,guowuyuantichu“yifeigongyouzhiqiyeweizhongdian,jijiwentuotuixinggongzijitixieshanghexingyexing、quyuxinggongzijitixieshang”,“cujinzhongdishouruzhigonggongzihelizengzhang。jianlifanyinglaodonglishichanggongqiuguanxiheqiyejingjixiaoyidegongzijuedingjizhengchangzengzhangjizhi”,zhubujiejueyixiexingyeqiyezhigonggongziguodidewenti。

  shishishang,jitixieshangdebenzhishidiaozhenggongrenshouru,zaixieshangtanpanzhong,gongrenshourukesheng、keping、kejiang,meigeniandujiujingshishenmeyangdetanpanjieguo,haiyingshiqiyefazhanjingyingqingkuangerding。

  suiranjitixieshangdejieguoyoushihouhuibiaoxianweijiaxin,danshijitixieshangzuoweiyixiangzhidu,qigongnengshijianlilaodongguanxishuangfanggoutongxiediaodepingtai,shilaodongzhekeyichangtongdibiaodayijiansuqiu,yeshiqiyedegexiangjuecejishiqudezhigongdelijiezhichi,tongguoxieshangtanpanshilaodongguanxigengjiahexiewending。

  jitixieshangzuoweilaodongguanxishuangfangpinghengliyiguanxideyixiangzhongyaozhidu,qimudeshishiqiyejingyingzhenenggouhegonghuijiugongziwentizhenzhengzuoxialaixieshangtanpan,zhiyujitixieshangchengxuqidonghou,laodongguanxishuangfangdachengdegongshishijiaxinhaishijiangxin,yaoqujueyulaodongguanxishuangfanggenjujingjifazhanxingshi、qiyejingyingzhuangkuangdengduozhongyinsu,zaichongfenboyizhihougongtongqueding。huanyanzhi,tongguojitixieshangjikeyijiaxinyoukeyijiangxin,bunengcuowudijiangjitixieshangdengtongyujiaxin。

  beijingpk10guokaizhanjitixieshang,gonghuishizhongjianchideshilaodongguanxishuangfangliyideyoujipingheng,zaiweihulaodongzhehuodehelilaodongbaochouquanyidetongshi,yeyaochongfenkaolvqiyedekechixufazhan;zaiweihulaodongzhedangqianliyidetongshi,yeyaozheyanlaodongzhedezhangyuanliyifazhan。

  2008nian,weiyingduiguojijinrongweijidechongji,zhonghuaquanguozonggonghuixianggejigonghuitichu,dalikaizhanyibaogangwei、baogongzi、shixian“wenyuanzengxiao”weizhongdianneirongdegonghuiyuqiye、zhigongde“gongtongyuedingxingdong”,jiushitongguoxieshangtanpan,dachengguangdazhigongyuqiyehezhonggongji、yingduitiaozhan,changdaolaodongguanxishuangfangxingchengliyigongtongti、shiyegongtongti、mingyungongtongtidelinian。“gongtongyuedingxingdong”deshijianchongfenbiaoming,zaiqiyeshengchanjingyingyudaokunnanshi,tongguojitixieshangbujinkeyishidangjiangdizhigongdeliyisuqiu,erqiehaikeyiningjuzhigongyuqiyetongzhougongji、gongdunanguandeqiangdaheli,neizhongrenweilaofangbukenengkaolvzifangliyiheqiyefazhandeshuofashixianruweizhudepianpolunduan。yinwei,gongrenmenyedoudongde,yidanqiyekuale,meiyoulegongzuo,zijidefanwanyehuichengweiwenti。

  jizhe: yourenrenwei,yixiedifangqidongjitixieshangdemenjiantaidi,xieshangtanpanfanweitaiguang,baokuolegongzi、jiangcheng、fulidenggegefangmian,erqiexieshangtanpanhaixuyaoqiyetigongjingyingqingkuangdengxiangguanxinxiziliao,zheikenenghuishiqiyedeshangyemiminanyidedaobaozhang。

  zhangjianguo: shouxian,suowei“qidongjitixieshangdemenjiantaidi”xiwujie。yixiedifanglifazhongdexiangguanguiding,shiweilejiedingzhigonghegonghuideguanxi,zhenduideshigonghuiyingdangdaibiaozhigongkaizhanjitixieshang,dangonghui“buzuowei”deqingxing。shishishang,bulunzaixifangfadashichangjingjiguojia,haishianzhaobeijingpk10guoxianxingfalv,kaizhanjitixieshangdoushifalvdemingqueguiding,gonghuiheqiyedouyouquanyeyingdangkaizhanjitixieshang。zheizai《laodongfa》、《gonghuifa》、《laodonghetongfa》zhongdouyoumingqueguiding。

  ——《gonghuifa》diliutiaoguiding: “gonghuitongguopingdengxieshanghejitihetongzhidu,xiediaolaodongguanxi,weihuqiyezhigonglaodongquanyi。”

  ——《laodongfa》disanshisantiaoguiding,“jitihetongyougonghuidaibiaozhigongyuqiyeqianding”。

  ——《laodonghetongfa》diliutiaoguiding,gonghuiyingdang“yuyongrendanweijianlijitixieshangjizhi,weihulaodongzhedehefaquanyi”。zheixieguidingshuoming,qidongjitixieshangbushimenjiangaodidewenti,ershibixurucidewenti。

  qici,jitixieshangneirongshejimianzaiguang,yeshi“wanbianbuliqizong”,doushishejizhigongquanyideshixiang。yinggaishuo,zheixieshixiangjiyuqiyejingyingguanlixiangguan,yeyuzhigongzishenquanyishixianxiangguan,shishuangfanggongtongdeshiqing。jiranshishuangfanggongtongdeshiqing,jiubunengyouqiyejingyingzhedanfangmianshuolesuan,eryingdangyoushuangfangjitixieshangqueding。zhengru《laodonghetongfa》disitiaodeguiding,“yongrendanweizaizhiding、xiugaihuozhejuedingyouguanlaodongbaochou、gongzuoshijian、xiuxixiujia、laodonganquanweisheng、baoxianfuli、zhigongpeixun、laodongjilvyijilaodongdingeguanlidengzhijieshejilaodongzheqieshenliyideguizhangzhiduhuozhezhongdashixiangshi,yingdangjingzhigongdaibiaodahuihuozhequantizhigongtaolun,tichufanganheyijian,yugonghuihuozhezhigongdaibiaopingdengxieshangqueding。”zaici,jitixieshangguochengzhong,laodongguanxishuangfangchuyuxinxiyanzhongbuduichengzhuangtai,ruguobuguidingzifangde“qiangzhixingxinxipiluyiwu”,neimejitixieshanggenbenjiuwufajinxingxiaqu,jiuhuichengweizifangde“dujiaoxi”,shijitixieshangzhidushiquyingyoudezhidujiazhi。yinci,guoneiwaifalvjunguiding,zaijitixieshangzhong,zifangyouxianggonghui“qiangzhixingxinxipiluyiwu”。erqie,zhigongyifangduiyuzaijitixieshangzhonghuoxideshangyemimifuyoubaomideyiwu,ruguozhigongyifangmeiyoujindaozheiyiyiwu,shideqiyeshangyemimiwaixie,zhigongyifangyingdangchengdanxiangyingdefalvzeren。youyudanxinzhigongyifangxieluqiyeshangyemimierfanduijitixieshangzhongqiyefangde“qiangzhixingxinxipiluyiwu”,zhudingshiyizhongyinyefeishidecuowuluoji。

  jizhe: yourenrenwei,duiyugongrenshourushuipinggao、gezhongfulidaiyuhaodeqiye,gongrenquanyiyijingshixiandebijiaochongfenle,meiyoubiyaokaizhanjitixieshang。

  zhangjianguo: butongqiyejingyingzhuangkuangbutong,gongrendeshourujifulizhuangkuangyebuyiyang,gongrenshourushuipinggaodi,fulidaiyuhaohuai,bushinengfoukaizhanjitixieshangdeqianzhitiaojian。gongrendeshourushuiping、fulidaiyu,zhiyouzaibutongqiyegongrenzhijianjinxingbijiao,caihuiyougaodi、haohuaidequbie,erjitixieshangjiejuedeshigongrenheqiyezhijiandewenti,liangzheshiwanquanbutongdeluojiguanxi。yinci,shourushuiping、fulidaiyuxiangduiyujitixieshangshiyizhongwaizaitiaojian,qihaoyuhuai、gaoyudi,yushifoukaizhanjitixieshangmeiyoubiranlianxi。

  huanyanzhi,buguanwaizaitiaojianruhe,jitixieshangzuoweiyizhongzhiduanpai,yingdangbuzhebukoudishishi。keyishuo,buluncongluojishangjiang,haishicongshijiankan,renheqiyedouyingdangkaizhanjitixieshang,zheishifazhanshichangjingjideneizaiyaoqiu,yeshixianyoufalvdeguiding。renweigongrenshourushuipinggao、gezhongfulidaiyuxiangduijiaohaodeqiyemeiyoubiyaokaizhanjitixieshang,shiyouyumeiyourenshidaojitixieshangzhidudeshizhierchanshengdecuowurenshi。

  jitixieshangqiangdiaodeshilaodongguanxishuangfangliyigongjue,erbushibirandeweigongrenzengjiagongzi,gengbushilingheboyi。yifangmian,jitixieshangshiyizhonglaodongguanxishuangfangtanpangongjuejizhi,tadefanmianjiushiqiyejingyingzhedanfangmianjueding。ruguogongrendelaodongbaochoubijiaogao、gezhongfulidaiyuyebijiaohao,dantashiyouqiyejingyingzhedanfangmianjuedingde,yebunengshuogongrenquanyishixiandebijiaochongfen,yinwei,renhedanfangmianjuedingdeshiqing,qibeihoudoucunzaishuangfangbuduidengdeguanxi,napajieguoduiruoshiyifangyouyi,yebuguoshiqiangshiyifangde“enci”,meiyourenhezhiduhuadebaozhang,jikenengshitanhuayixian,yekenengchaobubaoxi。

  lingyifangmian,gongrendelaodongbaochougaobugao、fulidaiyuhaobuhao,meiyouyigejueduidebiaozhun,tamenshichuyudongtaibianhuazhizhongde。xianzaikanlaijiaogaodelaodongbaochou,ruguoyiduanshijianbuzuodiaozheng,zaijingjifazhanshuipingtishengzhihoujiukenengshibijiaodidelaodongbaochou。congzheigeyiyishangjiang,suoweigongrenquanyishifoushixiandebijiaochongfen,shifenzhongyaodehengliangbiaozhunshikangongrendesuodeyuqilaodongfuchuchengduyijijingjifazhanshuipingshifouxiangshiying。eryaojiangzheiyililunmubiaozhuanbianweixianshi,bixuyoulaodongguanxishuangfangtongguojitixieshangjinxingchongfenboyi,congershigongrendelaodongbaochou、fulidaiyubaochidongtaifazhan。

  huanyanzhi,zhiyaolaodongbaochou、fulidaiyushizailaodongguanxishuangfangtongguojitixieshangchongfenboyihouquedingde,jiushihelide,jiushigongrenquanyishixiandebijiaochongfendezhuangtai。fanguolaijiang,meiyoutongguojitixieshangchongfenboyiquedingdelaodongbaochou、fulidaiyu,napazaigaoyeweibiheli,weibifuhegongrenyiyuan。yinci,kaizhanjitixieshang,buyingdangyouliwaideqiye。

  

  xingyexieshangshidangqiantuijinjitixieshangdezhongdianxingshihezhugongfangxiang

  jizhe: yourenrenwei,muqianxuduoqiyedoukaizhanlejitixieshang,meiyoubiyaozaigaoxingyejitixieshang。

  zhangjianguo: dangqian,zaiyixieguimobijiaoda、gonghuizuzhihuachengdubijiaogaodeda、zhongxingqiye,jitixieshangdequequdelejiaohaodeshishixiaoguo。danshi,zaibeijingpk10guo1142wanjiaqiyezhong,xiaoqiyeshuliangzhandaoqiyezongshude95%yishang。youyuzheixieqiyeguimoxiao、zhigongrenshushao,gonghuizuzhihuachengdudi,zaikaizhanjitixieshangshi,gonghuiganbuhezhigongcunzaizhe“bugantan”、“buhuitan”dewenti,zaizheixieqiyedandukaizhanjitixieshangnanduda,jishinenggoukaizhanjitixieshang,wangwangyenanyiqudeshizhixingdexiaoguo。

  yucitongshi,suizhejingjifazhan,“yicunyipin”、“yizhenyipin”detesejingjimoshiyuelaiyuepubian,shibutongdiquchengxianchubutongdexingyetese,tongxingyeqiyedejizhongduyuelaiyuegao,tongxingyeqiyelaodongdinge、gongshigongjiahegongzibiaozhundengshejishourufenpeifangmiandewenti,wangwangdaiyoumingxiandexingyetezheng,xingyedechengshufazhanweikaizhanxingyejitixieshangdiandinglejianshijichu。

  zaishijianzhong,beijingpk10haikandao,tuixingxingyejitixieshang,youliyujiejuezhongxiaoqiyegonghuiyintanpanliliangruoxiaoerbunengtandewenti;youliyujiangdilaodongguanxishuangfangxieshangtanpandeshehuichengben;youliyuwanshanjitixieshangzhidu,xingchengquyu、xingye、qiyexieshangtanpanxianghuxianjiepeihedejitixieshangcengjitixi。

  congzheigeyiyishangjiang,xiangduiyuqiyejijitixieshangeryan,xingyejitixieshangwulunzaixieshangcengci、fugaifanwei、zhengheziyuan、renlipeibei、tishenghetongzhiliangdengfangmiandouyouzhewukebinideyoushi,juyoudiaozhenglaodongguanxicengcigenggao、lidugengda、fanweigengguangdeyoudian。

  yinci,shiyingjingjifazhanxuyao,tongguochongfenfahuixingyegonghuizuzhizaijitixieshangguochengzhongdezuzhi、diwei、jinengdengyoushi,zhenduixingyedegongxingwentikaizhanxingyejitixieshang,shikuodajitixieshangfugaimian,weihuzhongxiaoqiyezhigongquanyideyouxiaofangshi。keyishuo,buluncongfadashichangjingjiguojiakaizhanjitixieshangdechenggongjingyanlaikan,haishibeijingpk10guokaizhanjitixieshangdejutishijianlaijiang,xingyejitixieshangdaibiaozhebeijingpk10guojitixieshanggongzuodezhugongmubiaohefazhanfangxiang,shishenhuajitixieshanggongzuo,tuidongjitixieshangzaigenggaodecengci、gengdadefanweishixiantupoxingjinzhandebiranxuanze。

  zhidingfalvwanshanguizeshibaozhangjitixieshangshunlikaizhandebiyaozhiju

  jizhe: yourenrenweizai《laodongfa》、《gonghuifa》、《laodonghetongfa》dengfalvzhongyiyouduijitixieshangdexiangyingguiding,meiyoubiyaozaijiujitixieshangjinxinglifa。xianyoufalvduilaodonghetong、zuidigongzi、laodongfulidengyiyouzugouduodeguifan,buyizaizengjiajitixieshangguifan。

  zhangjianguo: zailaodongfalvzhidutixizhong,jitixieshangzhidujuyouzishendutedejiazhi,shirenheqitalaodongfalvzhidusuobunengtidaide。laodonghetongzhidushiyonglaidiaozhenggetilaodongguanxide,erjitixieshangzhidushiyonglaiguifanjitilaodongguanxide,erzhewuluncongdiaozhenglaodongguanxidemude、neirong,quelidezhuti,haishishengxiaodetiaojian、fahuidexiaoli、weiyuehezhengyichulidefangshideng,doucunzaihendadechayi。

  zhiyuzuidigongzizhidu,qizhidujiazhizhishiweilaodongzhedelaodongbaochoushezhiyigebukeyuyuededixian,tazhinengbaohuhenxiaoyibufenzuiruoshidelaodongzhe,zhiyushixianjuedaduoshulaodongzhequanyigaishanyujingjishehuixiangshiying,zeyaokaogonghuikaizhanjitixieshanglaizhengqu。

  yinci,conggenbenshangjiang,jitixieshangzhiduyouyusuojuyoudedutejiazhi,shideqizailaodongfalvzhidutixizhongshenzhichuyubilaodonghetongzhidugengzhongyaodediwei。shishishang,laodongfalvzhidutixifazhandaoyidingjieduan,yigezhongyaodebiaozhijiushijianlijianquanjitixieshangzhidu,xingchengxitongwanbeidediaozhengjitilaodongguanxidefalvzhidutixi。

  dangqian,guolaodongguanximaodungaofaduofa,jititinggongshijianshiyoufasheng,yigeguanjiandeyinsushijitixieshangzhidubugoujianquanwanshan,qizaixiediaolaodongguanxifangmiandezuoyongshangweichongfenfahui。jiazhi,muqian,beijingpk10guojinshizai《laodonghetongfa》“tebieguiding”zhongshezhileyijie“jitihetong”,duijitixieshangzhidujinxingguifan,zheizhongzuofajibufuhejitixieshangzhiduhelaodonghetongzhidudeguanxidingwei,youjiangdilejitixieshangzhiduzailaodongfalvzhidutixizhongdediwei。congzheigeyiyishangjiang,duijitixieshangzhidujinxingdandulifashifenbiyaoerqiexiangdangjinpo。

  

  jingjixingshihaocha、qiyejingyingyingkuiyushifouyingdangkaizhanjitixieshangmeiyoubiranlianxi

  jizhe: yourenrenweizaimuqianbeijingpk10guojingjifazhanyudaokunnan、yixieqiyejingyingchuxiankuisundeqingkuangxia,buyingzaigaojitixieshang,buyingjinxingjitixieshangtiaolixiuding,zhidingguojiajitixieshangfa,qishijigengbuchengshu,tiaojianyebujubei。ciwai,beijingpk10lejiedao,yixiejiaodachengshiyijingkaishidejitixieshanglifa,muqianyoudeyijingchuyutingdunzhuangtai。

  zhangjianguo: jitixieshangzuoweiyizhongdiaozhenglaodongguanxishuangfangliyiguanxidezhiduanpai,tadezuoyongfahuiyujingjixingshihaohuaimeiyoubirandelianxi。yejiushishuo,jingjixingshihaobuhao,bushinengfoukaizhanjitixieshangdeqianzhitiaojian;shenzhizaiyidingyiyishangjiang,qiyeyudaojingyingkunnan,gengyinggaitongguojitixieshangranggongrenchongfenlejieqiyeshengchanjingyingzhenshiqingkuang、tihuiqiyeshengchanjingyingmianlindekunjing,congerranggongrenrenshidaoyuqiyegongtongyingduikunnanshishixianzishengexiangquanyidebiyaoqianti。

  dangqian,beijingpk10guojingjifazhanzhengchuyujiegoudiaozhengzhentongqi、zengzhangsuduhuandangqiyijipapoguokandejinyaoguankou,jingjixiaxingyaliyiranjiaoda,tebieshiyouyujiakuaizhuanbianjingjifazhanfangshi、cujinjingjijiegouzhanlvexingdiaozheng、huajieguoshengchannengdengyuanyin,jingjifazhanzhongdeshencengcimaoduntuxian,yixieqiyezaishengchanjingyingzhongyudaoyixiekunnanhewenti。danshi,yueshiyudaozheiyangdekunnanhewenti,jiuyueyaochongfenfahuiguangdazhigongdezhurenwengzuoyong,yueyaotongguoyouxiaobanfajifaguangdazhigongdejijixing、zhudongxinghechuangzaoxing,ningjuqizhigongheqiyegongkeshijiandeqiangdaheli。

  zhisuoyiyouxieqiyejingyingzheyiyudaojingjikunnanjiufanduikaizhanjitixieshang,genbenshanghaishitamenduijitixieshangzhidudezuoyongyoumohushenzhicuowuderenshi,renweikaizhanjitixieshangbiranzengjialaodonglichengben。shishishang,zhengruqianmianbeijingpk10yizaiqiangdiaode,kaizhanjitixieshang,duilaodongbaochoueryan,jikeyizhangyekeyijiang,bunengdanchunlijieweizhishizengjialaodonglichengben。

  gengjinyibujiang,jibiankaizhanjitixieshangzaiyidingchengdushangzengjialelaodonglichengben,dansuizhezhigongquanyidegaishan,qijijixing、zhudongxinghechuangzaoxinghuidedaogengjiachongfendejifa,jinerweiqiyefazhangongxiangengduodelilianghezhihui,youcidailaideqiyejingjixiaoyidezengzhangyaoyuanyuandayulaodonglichengbendezengjia,zheishiweixuduoyijingkaizhanjitixieshangdeqiyeshijiansuozhengmingdeshishi。

  congzheigeyiyishangjiang,yueshijingjixingshikunnan,yueshiqiyefazhanyudaokunnan,yueyaofahuihaojitixieshangzhidudezuoyong。yaozuodaozheiyidian,tongguotuijinjitixieshanglifa,shijitixieshangzhidugengjiawanshan、shishigengjiashunli,shishouyaodeqianti。zheishuoming,yueshijingjixingshibuhao、yueshiqiyefazhanyudaokunnan,yueyingdangtuijinjitixieshanglifa,weizheixiangzhiduchongfenfahuizuoyong“baojiahuhang”。2009nian,zaiguojijinrongweijichongjidedabeijingxia,guowuyuanzhengfugongzuobaogaomingquetichu“gulihezhichikunnanqiyeyuyuangongxieshangxinchou”,qiangdiaodejiushixieshangquedingxinchouduiyuqiyeyingduikunnandezhongyaozuoyongheduteyiyi。yinci,neizhongrenweijingjibujingqishi,jiubunenggaojitixieshang、jiubixuzantingjitixieshanglifadeguandianshimeiyourenhedaolide。

  keyishuo,dangqianyixiedifangxiudingjitixieshangtiaolihuotuidongjiakuaiguojiajitixieshanglifabufabujinxuyao,erqiezhengdangqishi,duiyuyingduidangqianjingjixingshi、cujinqiyebaituokunjingjuyouzhongyaoyiyi。jiranjitixieshangzhidushishehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhidezhongyaozuchengbufen,ruoyaojitixieshangzhidufahuiyingyoudezuoyong,jiuxuyaoyoujianquanwanshandezhiduguizezuoweizhicheng,“yaobuyaotan”、“zenmetan”、“tanshenme”、“tanbuchengzenmeban”dengwenti,douyingdangyoumingquedefalvyiju。

  dangqianbeijingpk10guoguifanjitixieshangzhidudeguizehaibugouwanshan,zhuyaoshiguizeneirongbuxitong、buwanzheng、bujuti,yukaizhanjitixieshangdegongzuoxuyaohaiyoujiaodachaju。zhiyouconglifacengmianwanshanjitixieshangguize,zhenzhengshixianjitixieshangzhiduyoufakeyi,jitixieshangzhiducainengzaishijianzhongbeiyunyonghao,qidutezuoyongcainengdeyichongfenfahui。

  zhengyinweiruci,2013nian2yue3ri,guowuyuanchutaide《guanyushenhuashourufenpeizhidugaigederuoganyijian》mingquetichu,yaojiakuaishourufenpeixiangguanlingyulifa,yanjiuchutaijitixieshangfangmianfalvfagui。yanjiuzhiding《jitixieshangfa》,shiwanshanxiediaojitilaodongguanxijizhidepoqiexuyao,yeshizengjinjitixieshangyouxiaoxingdepoqiexuyao。

  jin20nianlai,beijingpk10guozaituidongjitixieshangzhidushishifangmianbuduanjinxingshijiantansuo,qudelezhongyaojinzhan。danshi,shijianzhongyecunzaiyixiejitihetongshixiaoxingbuqiangdewenti,huoshihetongtiaokuanmeiyoushijineirong,huoshijitixieshangliuyuxingshi,gongzuotuijindeshijianyufalvzhichengbugouyoulizhijiandemaodunyuelaiyuetuchu。youyubeijingpk10guoshangqueshaoyibuzhuanmenxitongguifanjitixieshangdefalv,daozhijitixieshanggongzuozhengtishangmianlinzhefalvyijubuchongfen、bujutidezhuangtai,shijianzhongqiyetigongxujiaxinxiwudaogonghuixieshangsuqiudeqingkuanglvlvfasheng,qiyebuyuankaizhanxieshang、jubuxieshang,gonghuiyequefayouxiaodezhiyueshouduan。youle《jitixieshangfa》,jiukeyizaiyidingchengdushangpojiegonghuikaizhanjitixieshangmianlinde“bugantan”、“bunengtan”,qiyebuyuankaizhanjitixieshangdengnanti。

  congdangqianbeijingpk10guodeshijiqingkuangkan,zhidingguojia《jitixieshangfa》deshijiyijingchengshu,tiaojianyeyijubei。quanguozonggonghuizi2008nianzhijinyijingkaizhanleliangci《jitixieshangfa》lifakexingxingyanjiu。zheiliangciyanjiu,liqiucongjitixieshangdejichulilunheshijianchufa,duizhongwaijitixieshangzhidujinxingxitongdebijiaoyanjiu,zongjiegaikuoguowaijitixieshanglifaduibeijingpk10guodeqishi,bingjiehebeijingpk10guodejitixieshanglifajinchenghegongzuoshijian,fenxibeijingpk10guojitixieshangzhidusuomianlindewenti,zhenduishijiandexuyaotichulifayijian,bingchangshiduibeijingpk10guo《jitixieshangfa》dekuangjiajiegouhejutineirongtichulifajianyi。

  tongshi,shehuigejiehuyujinkuaizhiding《jitixieshangfa》deshengyinyeyuelaiyueqianglie。jinnianlai,quanguo“lianghui”daibiaoweiyuanduocitichujianyiyian,yaoqiuquanguorendajinkuaizhidingjianjujiaoqiangkecaozuoxingheyueshulide《jitixieshangfa》,weijitixieshangjinyibutigongfalvzhicheng。zheixieyanjiugongzuoheshehuiyulunweijitixieshangzaiguojiacengmianlifadiandinglejichu。

  zaidifangcengmian,muqianquanguoyiyoubeijing、hebei、shanxideng27gesheng(qu、shi)chutailejitixieshangdifangxingfaguihuozhengfuguizhang,tianjin、hebei、henandeng8gesheng(qu、shi)hehangzhou、ningbo、wuxi、wulumuqi、tangshan、anshandengchengshirendabanbulegongzijitixieshangtiaoli。zheixiedifanglifayeweizhidingguojia《jitixieshangfa》tigongleshijianyiju。

  

  jitixieshangyujititanpanjiyoulianxiyouyouqubie

  jizhe: tandaoqiyejingyingzheyugonghuijiushejigongrenquanyijinxingxieshang,youshijiangjitixieshang,youshijiangjititanpan,zheishiweishenme?shenmeshijititanpan?shenmeshijitixieshang?tamenzhijianyoushenmelianxihequbie?

  zhangjianguo: xifangfadashichangjingjiguojialaodongguanxishuangfangweiquedinglaodongbaochoudengshejilaodongzheqieshenliyiwentierjinxingdetanpan,tamenchengzhiweijititanpan,erzaibeijingpk10guo,zheizhonglaodongguanxishuangfangweiquedinglaodongbaochoudengshejilaodongzheqieshenliyiwentierjinxingdexieshangtanpanxingweizaifalvshangchengzhiweijitixieshanghuopingdengxieshang。

  beijingpk10guodejitixieshangyuxifangfadashichangjingjiguojiajititanpandexiangtongdianzhuyaojizhongzaixieshangtanpandezhuti、chengxu、neirongyijisuoxudefangfajiqiaoshang,tamendoushiyougonghuizuoweilaodongzheyifangdedaibiao,anzhaofadinghuozheyuedingdechengxu,weiraogongzishuiping、fulidaiyu、laodongtiaojiandengshejilaodongzhequanyidezhongyaoneirongtongzifangjinxingxieshanghuotanpan,zaixieshangyizhidejichushangdachengxieyi。zaizheiyiguochengzhong,gonghuidouxuyaojubeixiangyingdexieshanghuozhetanpanjiqiao,congerbaozhengxieshangguochenggengjiashunli。

  erliangzhedebutongdianzhuyaojizhongzai: diyi,xifangfadashichangjingjiguojiadejititanpanjuyouqianzaideduikangxing,erbeijingpk10guodejitixieshangpianzhongyugoutonghehezuo。zheiyidianzaixieshangxingshidechayishangtixiandebijiaomingxian。feizhengshi、yibanxingdegoutongzaibeijingpk10guojitixieshangzhongzhanyoufeichangzhongyaodediwei,erxifangfadashichangjingjiguojiayizhengshi、gongkaidetanpanxingshiweizhudao。dier,xifangfadashichangjingjiguojiadejititanpanyibandouhuianzhao“duikang-tuoxie-duikang”defangfadachengtanpanmude,erbeijingpk10guodejitixieshanganzhao“hezuo-shuangying-hexie”dejinlushixianxieshangmude。disan,xifangfadashichangjingjiguojiadejititanpandemubiaoshi“danweihu”,zhishizheyanyuruhezuidaxiandudiweihulaodongzhequanyi,erbeijingpk10guodejitixieshangdemubiaoshi“shuangweihu”,jiyaoweihulaodongzhedehefaquanyi,yeyaocujinqiyefazhan。disi,xifangfadashichangjingjiguojiadejititanpanpolie,gonghuiyifanghuicaiqubagongdefangshijinxingjiuji;erbeijingpk10guoruguoyudaojitixieshangbunengdachengyizhishi,keyitongguozhongcai、susongdengtujinglaijinxingjiuji,laodongguanxishuangfangdoubutichangbagong,yinweibagonghuidaozhilaodongguanxishuangfangliangbaijushang。

  dalituijinjitixieshangzhidubeijingpk10yushishishigonghuigenghaodilvxingjibenzhizedeneizaiyaoqiu

  jizhe: weihuzhigonghefaquanyishigonghuidejibenzhize,gonghuituijinjitixieshangzhidubeijingpk10heshishi,yulvxingjibenzhizeshishenmeguanxi?

  zhangjianguo: beijingpk10zaiqianmianyijingzuolejieshao,jinnianlai,dangzhongyang、guowuyuanduijitixieshanggongzuozuochuyixiliezhongyaojuecehebushu,zaidangdaihuibaogao、zhongyangquanhuijueding、guojiawunianfazhanguihuagangyao、zhengfugongzuobaogaodengzhongyaowenxianzhong,duociqiangdiaoyaojijiwentuotuijinjitixieshang,wanshanjitixieshangzhidu。anzhaobeijingpk10delijie,dangzhongyang、guowuyuanzhisuoyiduijitixieshanggongzuorucizhongshihezhichi,jiushixiwangtongguozhongshihezhichijitixieshanggongzuo,youlaodongguanxishuangfanganzhaoshichangjingjidepubianguilv,tongguojitixieshangdefangshihuajieshuangfangzhijiandeliyifenqi,jianglaodongzhebiaodaheliliyisuqiuyindaodaoyifa、lixingdeguidaoshanglai,congergengweiyouxiaodijiejueputonglaodongzhegongzishourupiandizheiyizuidademinshengwenti,cujinlaodongguanxihexie、shehuihexie。

  shishishang,gonghuiluoshidangzhongyang、guowuyuandejuecebushu,guanjianzaiyulvxinghaoweihuzhigonghefaquanyizheiyijibenzhize。《gonghuifa》zaimingqueweihuzhigonghefaquanyishigonghuijibenzhizedetongshi,yemingqueguiding,gonghuitongguopingdengxieshanghejitihetongzhidu,xiediaolaodongguanxi,weihuqiyezhigonglaodongquanyi。zhigongcanjiahezuzhigonghuidemude,jiushiqiwanggonghuinenggoudaibiaoheweihutamendeliyi。《laodonghetongfa》yeguiding,“gonghuiyingdangbangzhu、zhidaolaodongzheyuyongrendanweiyifadinglihelvxinglaodonghetong,bingyuyongrendanweijianlijitixieshangjizhi,weihulaodongzhedehefaquanyi。”zheishuoming,gonghuilvxingjibenzhizeyaoyoushouduanhezaiti,zheigeshouduanhezaitizuizhuyaodejiushijitixieshang。

  keyishuo,conggonghuilvxingjibenzhizedejiaodutuijinjitixieshangzhidubeijingpk10,qieshifahuijitixieshangzhiduzaiweihuzhigonghefaquanyifangmiandezhongyaozuoyong,jishifalvfuyulaodongzhedequanli,yeshigonghuiyiburongcidezeren。

  zhengyinweiruci,zhonghuaquanguozonggonghuizhuxilijianguotongzhiqiangdiao,yao“congwanshanhefazhanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidudezhanlvecengmianlaijiashenrenshigonghuiweiquangongzuo,qieshilvxinghaogonghuidejibenzhize。gonghuiyaoyingdezhigongqunzhongdexinlaihezhichi,bixuyifazuohaoweihuzhigongqieshenliyigongzuo。”yao“tuchuweihuzhigongqunzhongdelaodongjingjiquanyi,tuidongjianliwanshangongzixieshanggongjue,zhengchangzengzhang、zhifubaozhangjizhi。”luoshizheiyangdeyaoqiu,beijingpk10youliyougengyouzerenzhuazhudangqianfalvyouguiding、zhongyangyouyaoqiu、shehuiyouxuyao、putonglaodongzheyouqipan,yiji“shierwu”guihuagangyaoyoumingquebushudelishijiyu,jinyibujiandingtuijinjitixieshangdexinxinhejuexin,jiangjitixieshangzhenzhengzuoweigonghuidejibengongzuo、weihuzhigonghefaquanyidejibenzaiti、quelizhigonggongzifenpeidejibenfangshi、cujinlaodongguanxihexiedejibenshouduanlaizhua,ningjuliliang,gongjiankenan,buduankuodajitixieshangfugaimian,tigaojitixieshangshixiaoxing,bajitixieshangzhidubeijingpk10tuishangyigexindegaodu,shijitixieshangduidiaozhenglaodongguanxizhenzhengfahuijichuxingzuoyong。

  ciwai,beijingpk10kandao,2010nianyilai,meinianquanguo“lianghui”qijian,tuijinjitixieshangzhidubeijingpk10douhuichengweidaibiaomenyilundeyigeredianwenti。yixiedaibiaorenweituidongqiyepubiankaizhangongzijitixieshang,zhuazhulelaodongguanxiheshourufenpeilingyudeyaohai,shipinghenglaodongguanxishuangfangliyi、huajielaodongguanximaodundeyouxiaofangfa。caizhengbu、fagaiweideyixieguanyuanyetichu,gongzishilaodongdebaochou,yeshishourufenpeidezhongyaoneirong。laodonglizuoweishengchanyaosu,yingjieshoulaodongshichangdejibenguize,danzhengfuyingjiaqiangduilaodongshichangdejianguan,wanshanqiyegongzijitixieshangzhidu,fangzhizibenguodudishiyongqihuayuquan,sunhailaodongzhequanyi。fadashichangjingjiguojiapubianjiangjianquanjitixieshangzhidu,zuoweilishungongzifenpeiguanxi、goujianhexielaodongguanxidezhongyaozhelidian。beijingpk10guoyeyinggaijiaqiangjitixieshangzhidubeijingpk10,bingdalituijinjitixieshangshijian。

  

  gonghuituijinjitixieshangzhidubeijingpk10yushishiqudelezhongyaojinzhan、fahuilejijizuoyong

  jizhe: jinnianlai,suizhedangheguojiayuelaiyuezhongshijitixieshanggongzuo,quanguogejigonghuizhuazhuzheiyiyouliqijijijituidong,jitixieshanggongzuoqudezhongyaojinzhan,zhuyaobiaoxianzainaxiefangmian?

  zhangjianguo: dangheguojiaduijitixieshanggongzuodezhongshihezhichi,weiquanguogejigonghuituijinzheixianggongzuotigongleyouliqijiheqiangdadongli。weileguancheluoshidangheguojiadegongzuobushu,2010nian,quanguozonggonghuizuochu“lianggepubian”gongzuobushu;2011nianchu,quanguozonggonghuizhidingxiafale《zhonghuaquanguozonggonghui2011-2013nianshenrutuijingongzijitixieshanggongzuoguihua》、《zhonghuaquanguozonggonghuiguanyujinyibutuidongshijie500qiangzaihuaqiyejianligongzijitixieshangzhidudeyijian》、《quanguogonghuijitixieshangzhidaoyuanpeixunshishijihua(2011-2013nian)》;2012nian5yue,quanguozonggonghuizhidingchutaile《guanyujiaqiangzhuanzhijitixieshangzhidaoyuanduiwubeijingpk10deyijian》。

  zaiquanguozonggonghuidequanmianbushuhedalituidongxia,quanguogejigonghuijiangtuijinjitixieshanggongzuobaishangquanhuigongzuozhongyaoweizhi,duocuobingjujiadatuijinlidu,qudelezhangzujinzhan。muqian,quanguoyou25gesheng(qu、shi)jiangtuixinggongzijitixieshangxierudangdiguominjingjiheshehuifazhan“shierwu”guihuagangyao;17gesheng(qu、shi)jiangtuijingongzijitixieshangxieruzhengfugongzuobaogao;29gesheng(qu、shi)jianggongzijitixieshangzhidubeijingpk10narudangzhengmubiaokaohetixi;25gesheng(qu、shi)difangdangwei、zhengfuxiafahuozhuanfalekaizhangongzijitixieshangdezhidaoxingwenjian。jiezhi2013niandi,quanguoqiandingjitihetongzongshu242wanfen,bi2010niande140.7wanfenzengzhangle72.0%;fugaiqiye632.9wanjia,bi2010niande243.8wanjiazengzhangle159.6%;fugaizhigong2.87yiren,bi2010niande1.85yirenzengzhangle55.1%.qiandinggongzizhuanxiangjitihetong129.8wanfen,bi2010niande60.8wanfenzengzhangle113.5%;fugaiqiye364.4wanjia,bi2010niande111.6wanjiazengzhangle226.5%;fugaizhigong1.64yiren,bi2010niande7565.7wanrenzengzhangle116.8%,quanguozonggonghui“sannianguihua”quedingdeyijiangonghuizuzhideqiye80%yishangjianligongzijitixieshangzhidudemubiaorenwushunliwancheng。

  jingguoduoniandenuli,jitixieshangzhidudezhongyaozuoyongyijingchubuxianxian: yishijianshaohehuajielelaodongguanximaodun,cujinlelaodongguanxihexiewending。ershitigaolezhigonggongzishuiping,weihulezhigongshourufenpeiquanyi。sanshiqiyeyonggongxingweidedaojinyibuguifan,quebaolezhigongduiwugengjiawending。sishigonghuizuzhiyingxianglibuduankuoda,tishenglegonghuidexiyinliheningjuli。

  zaixindeqidianshangtuijinjitixieshangzhidubeijingpk10heshishijiyaojijiwentuoyouyaojiandingbuyi

  jizhe: julejie,jinqiquanzongchutaileyixiliewenjian,bushuzaiquanmianshenhuagaigezhongjixudalituijinjitixieshangzhidubeijingpk10yushishi,qizhuyaoneirongshishenme?

  zhangjianguo: weileguancheluoshidangdeshibadaheshibajiesanzhongquanhuiguanyujianquangongzijuedinghezhengchangzengzhangjizhidemingqueyaoqiu,anzhaozhongguogonghuishiliudaduijitixieshanggongzuozuochudexinbushu,youbiyaotongguozhidingxindeguihuahezhidaoyijian,jinyibumingquejitixieshangxindegongzuofangxiang、mubiaorenwuhegongzuozhongdian。zailinianlaigongzuojichushang,jinnianquanguozonggonghuiyouchutailesangezhongyaowenjian: 3yue19ri,quanguozonggonghuixiafale《guanyutishengjitixieshangzhiliangzengqiangjitihetongshixiaodeyijian》,4yue18ri,quanguozonggonghuixiafale《shenhuajitixieshanggongzuoguihua(2014-2018nian)》。yuquanzongchutaidezheilianggewenjianxianghuying,4yue14ri,guojiaxiediaolaodongguanxisanfangchutaile《guanyutuijinshishijitihetongzhidugongjianjihuadetongzhi》。

  zheixiewenjianzhuyaojiuquanmianshenhuajitixieshanggongzuo,tichulezhidaoyijian,zuochulequanmiangongzuobushu,zhizaijinyibugonggujitixieshangjianzhilv,nulitishengjitixieshangzhiliang、zengqiangjitihetongshixiao,tuijinwanchengguojia“shierwu”guihuagangyaoquedingdedao2015niandijitihetongqiandinglvdadao80%demubiaorenwu,weigejigonghuihexiediaolaodongguanxisanfanghelituijinjitixieshangzhidubeijingpk10tigonglezhongyaodezhengcezunxun。

  conggongzuomubiaokan,sangewenjianquedingdemubiaorenwushizaigongguyuanyoujianzhilvdejichushang,bagongzuozhongxinzhuanyidaotishengjitixieshangzhiliangshanglai,congershixianjitixieshanggongzuoquanmianshenhuafazhan。zheishicong“kuomian”dao“tizhi”deticihejianjindefazhanguocheng,shiyudangzhongyangjinnianlaiduijitixieshangzhidubeijingpk10cong“shixing”、“jianli”dao“wanshan”degongzuoyaoqiuxianghuxianjiede。conggongzuojucuokan,sangewenjiantebieqiangdiaokaizhanjitixieshangbixuzhongshizhigongcanyu,jiyikaozhigong,youhuijizhigong,shiyuelaiyueduodezhigongduijitixieshangdexiaoguoganshoudedao、nenggourenke、quyumanyi,shijitixieshangzhenzhengchengweigonghuilvxingweihuzhigonghefaquanyijibenzhizedeyouxiaotujing。

  zheixiewenjianquedingledangqianhejinhouyigeshiqigonghuituidongjitixieshanggongzuodemubiaorenwu: jitixieshangzhidubuduanjianquanwanshan,xingchengxitongwanbei、kexueguifan、yunxingyouxiaodezhidutixihegongzuojizhi;jitixieshangzhiduquanmianshenrushishi,xieshangxingshibuduanfengfuduoyang,guangfan、duoceng、zhiduhuafazhan;jitixieshangzhidushishixiaoguomingxian,chengweichucifenpeilingyulaodonghezibenangongxiancanyufenpeidejuedingjizhi,chengweishichangjingjitiaojianxiaxiediaolaodongguanxidezhongyaofangfa,zaigoujianhexielaodongguanxifangmianfahuizhongyaoqiebuketidaidezuoyong。

  weici,zaigongzuoshijianzhong,beijingpk10yinggaizheyanchongfenfahuijitixieshangzhiduzaishichangjingjitizhizhongduidiaozhenglaodongguanxidejichuxingzuoyong,yizhigongguangfanshenrucanyuweijichu,yicujinzhigongfangxieshangdaibiaogantanshantanweizhelidian,yiyouxiaojiejuezhigongguanxindetuchuwentiweihexin,yishixianlaodongguanxishuangfanghuligongyingweimubiao,zhubutigaoguangdazhigongduijitihetongdemanyidu,xingchengqiyeyuzhigongliyigongxiangjizhi。

  dangqian,tuijinjitixieshangzhidubeijingpk10yushishi,zhongdianneirongjiushilaodongbaochou,yaotongguojitixieshang,nulicujinchucifenpeigengjiagongpingheli;zhongdianlingyujiushifeigongyouzhizhongxiaoqiyeheshijie500qiangzaihuaqiye,nulicujinzaizhongguodalujingneisuoyouqiyeyifapubiankaizhanjitixieshang;zhongdianxingshijiushixingyejitixieshang,yaojinyibujiadaxingyejitixieshangtuijinlidu,tongguoxingyejitixieshang,nulipojieqiyegonghui“bugantan”、“buhuitan”dengnanti;zhongdianduixiangjiushiyixianzhigong、nongmingong、laowupaiqiangong,tongguojitixieshang,nulicujinguangdaputonglaodongzhecongzhongpubianshouyi。

  jizhe: qinggenjujitixieshanggongzuodefazhantaishi,yuceyixiajitixieshanggongzuodeweilaifazhanqushi?

  zhangjianguo: zheixieniantuijinjitixieshanggongzuodeshijian,shibeijingpk10nenggoumingxiangandao,suizhedangheguojiayuelaiyuezhongshibaozhanghegaishanminsheng、buduanjiaqiangshehuibeijingpk10,jitixieshanggongzuozaidangheguojiagongzuodajuzhongdediweihezuoyongyuelaiyuezhongyao。gejidangzhengduijitixieshanggongzuodezhongshichengduzhubutigao,shehuigejieduizheixiangzhidubeijingpk10qudedejinzhan、fahuidezuoyong、cunzaidewenti,guanzhuchengduyuelaiyuegao,taolundeyuelaiyueshenru,tebieshiguangdazhigongdecanyuyishimingxianzengqiang,yuelaiyuexiguanhejiezhujitixieshangdefangshiyifalixingbiaodazishendeliyisuqiu。

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